Periocular Dark Circles (PDCs) are common, with over 60% of individuals having them for more than 5 years, and over 55% experiencing increasing severity over time.
Dark circles under the eyes, also known as Periocular Dark Circles (PDCs), are typically caused by factors like aging, eyestrain, allergies, fatigue, sun exposure, anemia, dehydration, medications, genetics, and lifestyle habits.
To reduce dark circles, adopt a healthy lifestyle with sufficient sleep, hydration, and a balanced diet rich in antioxidants and omega-3 fatty acids. Avoid excessive salt, smoking, and alcohol consumption.
Regular exercise and limited sun exposure can help improve skin health and reduce the appearance of dark circles.
There are various treatments available for dark circles, including dermal fillers, PlasmoDerm injections, under-eye peels, Hydra-rich injections, microneedling, laser therapy (IPL), and topical serums containing ingredients like Vitamin C and hydroquinone.
These treatments aim to address the underlying causes of dark circles and can provide long-lasting results, depending on the chosen method.
Most individuals (61.8%) reported Periocular Dark Circles (PDCs) duration of greater than 5 years, with 55.9% noting increasing severity over time. 42.2% reported PDCs improving with sleep, while 50.0% reported worsening with sleep.
Dark circles under your eyes aren’t a medical concern but only the outcome of allergies, degradation, insufficient sleep, and aging. They are the darkened skin areas under your eyes, which look black, brown, blue, or purple, depending on your natural complexion.
Dark circles under eyes are nothing to worry about but they can only make you look tired or much older than your age. However, you can get rid of them with our advanced under-eye brightening treatments in Bengaluru. At CNF, the doctor checks your dark circle condition and suggests the right treatment to remove it and give you brighter under-eye skin.
Understanding Under Eye Dark Circles.
Under eye dark circles can occur among people of all ages, genders, complexions, and ethnicities. Different types of skin have different levels of dark circles. Dark circles under your eyes are more common in some groups of people, such as elderly people, darker-skin-toned people, and those who have a family history of having them.
Causes of Dark Circles.
Here are the key causes of dark circles.
Aging is one of the key reasons to cause dark circles as the skin under your eyes usually sags and gets thinner as you grow older. The collagen and fat production may decrease which maintains the skin elasticity. As a consequence, the dark blood vessels under your skin become more visible, which darkens the under-eye area. You may also get tear troughs, which make you look older or tired.
Any form of eyestrain can increase the size of blood vessels surrounding your eyes, which may cause dark circles.
Allergies cause dark circles as your body secrete histamines to fight against the invader when having an allergic reaction. Your eyes may get red, puffy, and itchy. When you scratch your itchy skin, it may cause swelling, inflammation, and broken blood vessels that may cause post-inflammatory pigmentation.
Lack of sleep or oversleeping may make your skin look pale and dull. The dark tissues and blood vessels under your skin may look more prominent. Sleep deprivation may accumulate fluid under your eyes, which makes them look puffy. Dark circles may be the shadows created by puffy eyelids.
Long-time sun exposure or injuries may form dark circles under your eyes, also called post-inflammatory pigmentation. Excessive sun exposure produces excess melanin, which may accumulate under your eyes causing hyperpigmentation.
Anemia is a condition when RBCs are less than normal that may make you feel weak, tired, dizzy, short of breath, and light-headedness. An anemic patient tends to have pale skin and dark circles under the eyes.
Dehydration may develop POH and may make the skin under your eyes look dull. Your eyes may appear sunken because of the way eyes are close to the underneath bone.
Ocular Hypotensive Drugs.
Ophthalmic solutions, which treat glaucoma, can cause POH. They most tend to occur in 3 to 6 months post-initiating bimatoprost treatment.
Genetics may develop POH, which can be an inherited characteristic noticed early in childhood. Your dark circles may darken or lighten over time.
Poor lifestyle habits, such as alcohol consumption and smoking, may cause dark circles.
Lifestyle Changes for Brighter Eyes
Here are the simple lifestyle changes you can make to remove dark circles and get brighter eyes.
Sleep Well Everyday.
Lack of sleep is likely to cause dark circles. If you don’t sleep enough, it may worsen the condition of your existing dark circles. Sleep for at least 8 hours every day without any disturbance to lighten the dark circles.
Hydrate and Moisturize Your Skin.
Dehydration causes dark circles under your eyes. As most of your body contains water, it’s an essential part of your diet. Insufficient water intake may cause puffiness and blasting around your eyes. So, drink 3 to 4 liters of water every day to keep your skin hydrated. Lack of moisture causes dark circles. Moisturize your skin twice after washing your face to maintain healthy skin.
Eat Healthy Foods.
Eating foods rich in antioxidants and omega-3 fatty acids can help in reducing and preventing dark circles. Antioxidants protect your skin from toxins that damage your skin. Beetroot, citrus fruits, and dark chocolates are the most effective antioxidant-rich foods. Fatty acids boost blood flow to your skin cells which removes dark circles. Walnuts and salmon are the two foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids.
Decrease Salt Intake
Salt contains sodium that dehydrates your body. Junk and highly processed foods contain high sodium. Eating sodium-rich or other foods causing dehydration may deepen the dark circles. So, reduce the consumption of salt, the key ingredient of most foods, to remove dark circles.
Smoking can cause dark circles, various diseases, and even cancer. Cigarettes contain chemicals, which dehydrate your skin and may decrease the production of collagen, melanin, and elastin, which decreases skin elasticity and degrades its health.
Avoid Alcohol Consumption
Alcohol is a key cause of dehydration. Hangover headaches are a symptom of excess dehydration. Regular drinking largely reduces the water content in your body, which worsens dark circles.
Regular exercise adds numerous health benefits to your body. Exercising increases blood circulation in your skin and body. It gradually reduces dark circles and delays skin aging.
Limit Sun Exposure
Consistent exposure to the harmful sun UV rays may cause critical health disorders. Your skin may suffer from sunburn and even cancer. The exposure of your skin to the sun may reduce the product of elastin, collagen, and melanin, which causes dark circles.
7 Best Dark Circles Treatments In Bengaluru
Here are the best dark circle treatments you can do at CNF in Bengaluru:
Under-Eye fillers add volume to the deflated parts of your face. The added volume removes the signs of aging, enhances facial contours, and diminishes the under-eye shadows, which cause dark circles.
Dermal fillers are a minimally invasive treatment that takes approximately 10 minutes and causes no pain with the injection in the under-eye area. The results stay for 6 months to over 2 years depending on the type of filler injected in your under-eye area.
PlasmoDerm gives you better and more natural results than dermal fillers. PlasmoDerm, your blood’s component, boosts collagen production and grows new cells. The injection tightens the thinning skin under your eyes and enhances the texture and tone of your under-eye area skin.
It fixes underlying structural problems, like receding eye sockets, and surface issues, such as thin under-eye skin and hyperpigmentation. PlasmoDerm boosts internal and external cell growth, which gives you a thicker cellular framework and smoother look. The treatment takes approximately 45 minutes. At least 2 sessions at an interval of a few weeks can deliver the desired results visible in a few months after the treatment.
Our Me Line peel contains exfoliating active elements having depigmenting properties, which lighten the dark skin in your periorbital area. We apply a chemical solution containing various chemical acids on your skin, which break the bonds of dead skin cells that peel the topmost layer and reveal new skin underneath.
The solution applied depends on the required amount of exfoliation and your skin type, which targets your skin’s multiple layers to cure various skin issues. The chemicals in the solution target skin disorders, such as uneven pigmentation, wrinkles, age spots, and acne scars. You can see brightening in the undereye area. The recovery takes approximately no downtime.
Hydra-rich injection is a non-invasive treatment to lighten the dark circles under your eyes. We inject Hydra-rich into your skin layer to nourish it both internally and externally. It contains hyaluronic acid, which absorbs moisture into your skin and gives you a radiant and plump under-eye area.
The under-eye skin gets moisturized and hydrated because of the hyaluronic acid’s water-binding capabilities. As hyaluronic acid boosts collagen production, it increases skin elasticity and reduces the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines, which give you healthy under-eye skin. Hydra-rich injection works for oily, dry, and flaky skin by nourishing it internally and externally. The results stay for almost 9 months.
Microneedling is a treatment, which targets the key cause of your dark circles. Collagen production inside your body with aging. As collagen starts breaking down with aging, the fat layer beneath your skin starts moving down away from your eyes, creating a hollow look, i.e., dark circles. Microneedling boosts collagen production and reacquires the youthful glow to the under-eye area that loses volume.
We sweep a derma roller, a handheld device filled with needles, forward and backward across the skin to create little puncture wounds. Your skin responds to such micro-injuries with higher collagen production and blood flow. You may need 1 to 3 days to heal after the treatment. The results stay for many months.
Laser Therapy (IPL)
Laser therapy (IPL) is one of the most effective options to treat dark circles and under-eye bags. If hyperpigmentation causes your dark under-eye circles, it can be the best treatment to cure all the symptoms. IPL reduces the appearance of visible blood vessels under your eyes. Laser therapy can fix the fat loss issue that may have caused dark circles under your eyes.
The IPL treatment destroys melanin causing pigmentation or skin darkening, diminishes discoloration, and grows new and healthy skin cells. A monthly session for 3 months removes your dark under-eye circles. This treatment doesn’t require any downtime if you avoid sun or chemical exposure for a few days.
Topical serums and creams, containing Vitamin C and bleaching agents, such as hydroquinone and tretinoin, can help in reducing the appearance of dark circles under your eyes. Kojic acid, a natural product made of fungi’s two species, can effectively treat dark circles. You can apply azelaic acid, which is safe for long-term use, under your eyes to reduce the appearance of hyperpigmentation.
Everyday application of Vitamin C lotion on the under-eye area can lighten dark circles for 6 months. It can effectively brighten the skin under your eyes. Even though topical serums don’t give immediate results, applying them every day can gradually give you relief from dark circles.
Sign Up for a Free Consultation
Do you want to get rid of the dark circles under your eyes and look better than before? Sign up for a free consultation with our expert. We will check the condition of your dark circles and suggest the right treatment to remove them and give you brighter eyes.